* Prices incl. VAT
plus potential shipping costs
Ready to ship today, Delivery time 2 - 5 working days
Free Shipping from €25 within DE per GLS
- Article number: W0120100
- EAN / GTIN: 4260169964346
- Shipping weight: 0.13 kg
- Dimensions: 4.00 cm × 11.00 cm × 4.00 cm
Essential humic substances for the residents of your aquaria
- High in essential fulvic and humic acids
- Increases agility and prosperity
- For acclimatisation and routine operation
- Suitable for all aquarium residents
Fulvodrakon gives you the opportunity to add important humic and fulvic acids to the aquarium water and thus create natural and species-appropriate conditions for the aquarium inhabitants. Humic substances are present in more or less large quantities in practically all living natural waters*. Black water habitats are particularly well known for their extraordinarily high humic substance concentrations (humic substances are responsible for its tea-like colouring), but they are also abundant in other types of water. However, our waterworks almost completely remove these substances from the supplied tap water due to their colouring and taste properties.
However, humic substances should not be missing in any aquarium. Their positive properties on aquatic life, the increase of vitality, colourfulness and well-being have meanwhile been scientifically proven several times. If they are missing in the source water, we should definitely add them.
Humic and fulvic acids contribute to species-appropriate husbandry. Since they are present in nature in almost every environment, aquatic organisms are adapted to them and so even small concentrations, which are hardly visible in the water, have positive effects. In experiments with daphnia, it was possible to increase the demonstrable reproduction rate and mobility as an indicator of welfare.
An increasing number of recent studies on humic substances show an extraordinary number of positive effects on living organisms. They are based for example on the deactivation of toxins as insoluble complexes or on the fact that cell membranes and mucous membranes are blocked by fulvo- and humic acids for harmful substances. In this way, vitality, colourfulness and well-being can be increased, reproduction stimulated, the survival rate of offspring improved and healthy growth achieved at all.
In addition to these indirect effects, more and more direct positive effects on organisms are being discovered. These include the strengthening of the immune system and direct antiviral properties. In the aquarium, microbiology is improved because pathogenic pathogens, bacteria, viruses and fungi are inhibited.
In addition, humic substances are still weak buffers and stabilize the pH even at a low carbonate hardness.
Prof. Dr. Christian Steinberg (Chair of Water Ecology at Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin) as a profound expert on this topic, considers it indispensable in aquaristics anyway. While in classical ecology it was still assumed that humic substances only have an indirect influence on animals, their direct effect on organisms and their vital character have now been proven.
For regular care weekly after water change
- 3 - 7 ml per 100 litres of water
For black water tanks, in the isolation of newcomers, and weekly to assist with disease treatment
- 10 - 20 ml per 100 litres of water
The natural source for Fulvodrakon is gently extracted from a groundwater spring. This results in good suitability for aquaristics and aquaculture as well as significantly better bioavailability than chemically extracted fulvic acids.
Raw ash: 14 %, humic acid: 2 %, fulvic acid: 17.5 %, sodium: 37,500 mg/kg
After the addition of 1 ml Fulvodrakon to 10 l of water it contains 17.5 mg/l fulvic acid and 2 mg/l humic acid
* Part of group of substances designated as TOC (Total Organic Content)